Lindeman, Ken

Education and Interdisciplinary Studies

We work to discover and apply multidisciplinary findings to advance sustainable coastal policies.  We focus on the  management of coastal lands, fisheries, and habitats affected by human-induced disturbances including climate change.  To sustain coastal economies and ecosystems, our work typically focuses on conservation planning for nearshore habitats, marine protected areas, and sea level rise adaptation. 

Geographic foci include: a) the Southeast U.S. with a focus on east Florida, and b) the insular northwest Caribbean.  The science and conservation products from this work have been published in over 20 differing science and policy journals and 3 co-authored books, below.  We work globally in part with the IUCN Species Survival Commission's Snapper, Seabream & Grunt Specialist Group and other advisory panels (>20 resource management panels/boards, below).  Graduate students, postdoctoral research, and funded undergraduates.

Building the Florida Tech Sustainability Program has been a primary focus since 2010.  In 2017, we will exceed 100 Sustainability Major and Minor graduates.  Over ten of these students have co-administered the Virtual Climate Adaptation Library with >2600 pdfs available from >90 global regions.  

Educational Background

Ph.D. Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Sciences, University of Miami
M.S. Universidad de Puerto Rico, Dept. de Ciencias Marinas

B.S. Florida Institute of Technology, Dept. of Biological Sciences

Current Courses

-  Introduction to Sustainability - ISC 1500
-  Systems, Governance, & Sustainability - ISC 3250
-  Sustainability Project Design - ISC 3999
-  Applied Sustainability - ISC 4000
Other F.I.T. courses include:
-  Coastal Systems Planning - OCN 5801
-  Marine Protected Areas, Special Topics - OCN 5903

Professional Experience

-  F.I.T.:  Professor, Sustainability Program Chair, 2010-present;  Online Sciences Program Chair, 2011-14;  Research Professor and Doherty Fellow, 2007-11
-  Environmental Defense Fund:  Senior Scientist, Caribbean Program Manager, Miami, 2000-2007
-  University of Miami, RSMAS:  Postdoctoral Fellow, Graduate Asst., 1988-1999
-  Coastal Research and Education, Inc.:  Executive Director, Miami, 1989-1999
-  NOAA Southeast Fisheries Science Center:  Research Scientist, Miami, 1985-1989

Consulting:   Includes Smithsonian Institution,  NOAA-NMFS,  Florida Dept. of Environ. Protection,  Conservation International,  S. Atlantic Fishery Management Council,  National Geographic Society,  U.N. Food & Agriculture Organization.

Products include:
-  Approx. 70 research publications include: a) articles in 20 different peer-review science and policy journals; b) 3 co-authored books; c) chapters in 5 others; and c) large contract assessments of conservation science and policy issues (Florida DEP, NOAA, IUCN). File links below.
-  Strategic co-management of >30 conservation campaigns in English or Spanish with many partners.  Co-developed >5 habitat & fishery conservation laws, >15 marine protected areas, and varied coastal management and climate adaptation advances among 4 Caribbean countries & the southeast US using science & policy with local partners.
-  >30 graduate student committees at 8 universities.
-  >20 grants awarded and managed, >$3,500,000.  Directed/assisted >5 corporate start-ups since 1989 (non-profit and FL S Corp.).
-  Manuscript reviewer:  >40 differing journals and >5 books.  Proposal reviews: >10 funding institutions.
-  >20 international, federal, local advisory panels & steering committees 2000-15.
-  >140 conference/workshop presentations in English and Spanish, most w/ abstracts.
-  Instructed or guest-lectured >10 university courses in sciences or policy.  Adjunct professor or lecturer in Spanish at 3 and 5 universities, respectively.
-  Work with partners on >50 other policy decision-points in the coastal U.S. & Latin America since mid-1980s.  Efforts have often involved agency and citizen partners using science to advance sustainable policies at multiple governance scales.  

Advisory & Management Panels:  Current / past:
IUCN Species Survival Commission - Global Snapper, Seabream, Grunt Specialist Group (Co-chair);  IUCN Species Conservation Planning Sub-Committee and Joint Climate Change SG Workgroup;  FAO Working Group on Caribbean Spawning Aggregations.  National Geographic Destination Stewardship Survey Panels;  World Bank Targeted Coral Reef Connectivity Workgroup;  Habitat Advisory Panel - Caribbean Fishery Manag. Council;  US-Brasil Marine Policy Consortium.
U.S. National and Regional
South Atlantic Fishery Management Council:  MPA Expert Workgroup;  Fishery Ecosystem and Climate Writing Team; Interdisciplinary Planning Team (MPA Sysytem Management Plan Writing);  Oculina Bank Reserve Evaluation Team.  SAFMC Habitat Advisory Panel and Snapper-Grouper Advisory Panel;  National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, Marine Connectivity Working Group.
Florida State and Local
S. Florida Regional Climate Compact, Shoreline Resilience Workgroup;  State of Florida Community Resiliency Initiative;  Stronger Safer Florida;  Brevard County KBB Sustainability Awards, Judging Committee;  SE Florida Coral Reef Initiative - Maritime Construction Workgroup;  Brevard County Comprehensive Maritime Management Master Plan Workgroup;  Comprehensive Planning & Advisory Board, Sea-Level Rise Subcommittee, City of Satellite Beach; 

Non-profit Board Membership:  Current / past:
Marine Resources Council of East-Central Florida, Climate Change Committee Chair;  Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute (est. 1947);  Society for the Conservation of Reef Fish Aggregations;  Coastal Research and Education, Inc.

Current Research

- Converging science with policy advances to develop more sustainable coastal governance systems.
- Coastal protected areas & spatial management: Northwest Caribbean and SE United States.
- Development, connectivity, and management of coastal fishes. 
- Institutional and urban sustainability.

Selected Publications

Farmer, N.A., W.D. Heyman, M. Karnauskas, S. Kobara, T.I. Smart, J.C. Ballenger, M.J.M. Reichert, D.M. Wyanski, M.S. Tishler, K.C. Lindeman, S.K. Lowerre-Barbieri, T.S. Switzer, J.J. Solomon, K. McCain, M. Marhefka, and G.R. Sedberry.  2017. Timing and location of reef fish spawning off the southeastern United States. PLoS ONE 12(3):e0172968. 

Farmer, N., fifteen others.  In press, 2017.  How can we protect fish better?  Environmental Science Journal for Teens.

Polidoro, B., thirty others.  2017.  The status of marine biodiversity in the Eastern Central Atlantic (West and Central Africa)Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. 2017:1–14.

Lindeman, K.C. 2016. Applied sustainability education with a systems science emphasis at a STEM university. pp. 141-153. In M. Albiez et al. eds. Designing Sustainable Urban Futures. Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Scientific Publishers, Germany.

Albiez, M., G. Banse, K.C. Lindeman and A. Quint, editors.  2016.  Designing Sustainable Urban Futures. Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Scientific Publishers, Germany. 

Kough, A.S., R. Claro, K.C. Lindeman and C.B. Paris.  2016.  Decadal analysis of larval connectivity from Cuban snapper (Lutjanidae) spawning aggregations based on biophysical modeling.  Marine Ecology Progress Series 550:175–190.

Lindeman, K.C., L.E. Dame, C.B. Avenarius, B.P. Horton, J.P. Donnelly, D.R. Corbett, A.C. Kemp, P. Lane, M.E. Mann and W.R. Peltier.  2015.  Science needs for sea-level adaptation planning: comparisons among three U.S. Atlantic coastal regions.  Coastal Management 43(5):555-574. 

Ariza, E., K.C. Lindeman, P. Mozumder, and D.O. Suman.  2014.  Beach management in Florida: assessing stakeholder perceptions on governance.  Ocean and Coastal Management 96:82-93. 

Sale, P.F., twenty-two others.  2014.  Transforming management of tropical coastal seas to cope with challenges of the 21st century.  Marine Pollution Bulletin 85:8-23.

CSA Ocean Sciences, Inc.  2014.  Mitigating the functions of nearshore hardbottom in east Florida: field comparisons of natural and artificial reef structures.  Florida Dept. of Environ. Protection, Bureau of Beaches and Coastal Systems, Tallahassee, FL.

Jordan, L.K.B., K.C Lindeman, and R.E. Spieler.  2012.  Depth-variable settlement patterns and predation influence on newly settled reef fishes (Haemulon spp., Haemulidae).  PLoS One 7(12):1-11.

Lindeman, K.C., E. Müller, and G. Ricci.  2012.  Marine protected area management: improving performance by professionalizing career paths with integrated training, certification, and trade organization development.  Periodica Oeconomica (1):39-49.

Müller, E. and K.C. Lindeman.  2012.  Climate change in several Central and South American ecosystems: challenges and needs for effective management.  In:  Banse, G., G. Nelson, and O. Parodi (eds.).  Sustainable Development: The Cultural Perspective: Concepts - Aspects - Examples. Sigma Publishers, Berlin.

Lindeman, K.C. and T. Ruppert.  2011.  Policy recommendations and training to improve agency permitting, compliance, and enforcement for coral resource conservation in southeast Florida.  Florida Dept. of Environmental Protection, Southeast Florida Coral Reef Initiative, 207 pp.

Russell, M.,B. Luckhurst and K C. Lindeman. 2011.  Management of spawning aggregations. pp. 371-404. In Y. Sadovy de Mitcheson and P. Colin (eds.). Reef Fish Spawning Aggregations: Biology, Research and Management. Springer Press, 621 pp.

Moura, R.L, R.B. Francini-Filho, E.M. Chaves, C.V. Minte-Vera, and K.C. Lindeman.  2011.  Use of riverine through reef habitat systems by dog snapper (Lutjanus jocu) in eastern Brazil.  Estuarine and Coastal Shelf Science 95(1):274-278.

Lindeman, K.C., H.T. Gibson, and H. Yu.  2010.  Participatory climate adaptation in coastal Florida:  increasing roles for water-users and independent science.  Proc. Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute  62:7-11.

Cowan, J. H., C. B. Grimes, W. F. Patterson, C. J. Walters, A. C. Jones, W. J. Lindberg, D. J. Sheehy, W. E. Pine, J. E. Powers, M. D. Campbell, K. C. Lindeman, S. L. Diamond, R. Hilborn, H. T. Gibson and K. A. Rose.  2010.  Red snapper management in the Gulf of Mexico: science- or faith-based?  Reviews in Fish Biology & Fisheries.  DOI 10.1007/s11160-010-9165-7.

Sale, P.F., H. Van Lavieren, M.C. Ablan, J. Atema, M. Butler, C. Fauvelot, J.D. Hogan, G.P. Jones, K.C. Lindeman, C.B. Paris, R. Steneck and H.L. Stewart.  2010.  Preserving reef connectivity: a handbook for marine protected area managers. Connectivity Working Group, GEF Coral Reef Targeted Research & Capacity Building Program, United Nations University, INWEH. 79 pp. 

Claro, R., Y. Sadovy de Mitcheson, K. C. Lindeman, and A. Garca-Cagíde.  2009.  Historical analysis of commercial Cuban fishing effort and the effects of management interventions on important reef fishes: 1960 – 2005.  Fisheries Research 99(1):7-16. 

CSA International.  2009.  Ecological functions of nearshore hardbottom habitat in east Florida: a literature synthesis. Florida Dept. of Environ. Protection, Bureau of Beaches and Coastal Systems, Tallahassee, FL. 266 pp.

Rocha, L.A., K.C. Lindeman, C.R. Rocha, and H.A. Lessios.  2008.  Historical biogeography and speciation in the reef fish genus Haemulon (Teleostei: Haemulidae).  Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 48:918–928.

Lindeman, K.C. 2008. The uncommon common fishes. Florida Sportsman. Mar. 2008:82-88.

Sadovy de Mitcheson, Y., Cornish, A., Domeier, M., Colin, P. L., Russell, M., and Lindeman, K.C. 2008. Reef fish spawning aggregations: a global baseline.  Conservation Biology 22(5):1233-1244.

Sale, P.F., M. J. Butler IV, A.J. Hooten, J.P. Kritzer, K.C. Lindeman, Y.J. Sadovy de Mitcheson, R.S. Steneck and H. VanLavieren. 2008. Stemming decline of the coastal ocean: Rethinking environmental management. United Nations University Policy Brief, INWEH, Hamilton, Canada. 42 pp.

Lindeman, K.C. 2007. Manejo costero sin integracion en el Caribe noroeste: tendencias actuales y escenarios futuros. Proc. Gulf & Caribbean Fisheries Institute 59:57-62.

Moura, R.L. and K.C. Lindeman. 2007.  A new species of snapper (Perciformes: Lutjanidae) from Brazil and the southern distributional status of Lutjanus griseus and L. apodus.  Zootaxa 1422:31-43.

Lindeman, K.C. 2006.  Inermiidae: Bonnetmouths. pp. 1647-1650 in W.J. Richards, ed.  Guide to the Early Stages of Atlantic Fishes. CRC Press. 2581 pp.

Lindeman, K.C., W.J. Richards, J. Lyczkowski-Shultz, D.M. Drass, C.B. Paris, J.M. Leis, M. Lara, and B.H. Comyns. 2006. Lutjanidae: Snappers. pp. 1549-1585 in W.J. Richards, ed. Guide to the Early Stages of Atlantic Fishes. CRC Press. 2581 pp.

Lindeman, K.C. and W.J. Richards. 2006.  Grunts: Haemulidae. pp. 1597-1645 in W.J. Richards, ed. Guide to the Early Stages of Atlantic Fishes. CRC Press. 2581 pp.

Sale, P.F. R.K. Cowen, B.S. Danilowicz, G.P. Jones, J.P. Kritzer, K.C. Lindeman, S. Planes, N.V.C. Polunin, G.R. Russ, Y.J. Sadovy and R.S. Steneck. 2005. Critical science gaps impede use of no-take fishery reserves. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 20(2):74-80.

Lindeman, K.C. and D. DeMaria. 2005.  Juveniles of the Caribbean’s largest coral reef snapper do not use reefs.  Coral Reefs 24:359.

Paris, C.B., R.K. Cowen, R. Claro and K.C. Lindeman. 2005.  Larval transport pathways from Cuban spawning aggregations (Snappers; Lutjanidae) based on biophysical modeling.  Marine Ecology Progress Series 296:93-106.

Estrada, R., A. Hernández Avila, J. Luis Gerhartz Muro, A. Martínez Zorrilla, M. Melero Leon, M. Bliemsrieder Izquierdo, and K.C. Lindeman.  2004.  The Cuban National System of Marine Protected Areas.  Centro Nacional de Areas Protegidas, CITMA, La Habana, 16 pp.    

Duval, M.A., D.N. Rader, and K.C. Lindeman. 2004.  Linking habitat protection and marine protected area programs to conserve coral reefs and associated backreef habitats.  Bulletin of Marine Science 75(2):321-334.

Bush, D.M., W.J. Neal, N.J. Longo, K.C. Lindeman, D.F. Pilkey, L.S. Esteves, J.D. Congleton, and O.H. Pilkey. 2004.  Living with Florida’s Atlantic Beaches: Coastal Hazards from Amelia Island to Key West. Duke University Press. 338 pp.

Mumby, P.J., A.J. Edwards, J. Ernesto Arias-Gonzalez, K.C. Lindeman, P.G. Blackwell, A. Gall, M.I. Gorczynska, A.R. Harborne, C.L. Pescod, H. Renken, C.C. Wabnitz, and G. Llewellyn. 2004.  Mangroves enhance the biomass of coral reef fish communities in the Caribbean.  Nature. 427:533-536.

Lindeman, K.C. and R.S. Appeldoorn. 2003.  Improving applications of science in marine protected area design and management: workshop report.  Gulf and Caribbean Research 14(2):195-198.

Appeldoorn, R.S. and K.C. Lindeman. 2003.  A Caribbean-wide survey of no-take marine reserves: spatial coverage and attributes of effectiveness.  Gulf and Caribbean Research 14(2):139-154.

Lindeman, K.C. and C. Toxey. 2003.  Haemulidae - Grunts. pp. 1522-1550 In K. E. Carpenter, ed. The Living Marine Resources of the Central Western Atlantic. Volume 3, part 2: Bony fishes, sea turtles and marine mammals. United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization, Rome.

Claro, R. and K.C. Lindeman. 2003.  Spawning aggregation sites of snapper and grouper species (Lutjanidae and Serranidae) on the insular shelf of Cuba.  Gulf and Caribbean Research 14(2):91-106.

Lindeman, K.C. J.T.B. Tripp, D.J. Whittle, A. Moulaert-Quiros and E. Stewart. 2003.  Sustainable coastal tourism in Cuba: roles of environmental impact assessments, certification programs, and protection fees.  Tulane Environmental Law Journal. 16:591-618.

Whittle, D. J., K. C. Lindeman, and J. T. B. Tripp. 2003.  International tourism and protection of Cuba's coastal and marine environments.  Tulane Environmental Law Journal 16:533-589

Kingsford , M.J., J. M. Leis, A. Shanks, K. C. Lindeman, S. G. Morgan and J. Pineda. 2002.  Sensory environments, larval abilities and local self-recruitment.  Bulletin of Marine Science 70(1):309-340.

Sponaugle, S., R. K. Cowen, A. Shanks, S. G. Morgan, J. M. Leis, J. Pineda, G. W. Boehlert, M. J. Kingsford, K. C. Lindeman, C. Grimes, and J. L. Munro. 2002.  Predicting self–recruitment in marine populations: biophysical correlates. Bulletin of Marine Science 70(1):341-376.

Strathmann, R. R., T. P. Hughes, A. M. Kuris, K. C. Lindeman, S. G. Morgan, J. M. Pandolfi, and R. R. Warner. 2002. Evolution of local-recruitment and its consequences for marine populations.  Bulletin of Marine Science 70(1):377-396.

Lindeman, K. C., T. N. Lee, W. D. Wilson, R. Claro, and J. S. Ault. 2001.  Transport of larvae originating in southwest Cuba and the Dry Tortugas: evidence for partial retention in grunts and snappers.  Proc. Gulf & Caribbean Fisheries Inst. Vol. 52:732-747.

Lindeman, K. C., P. A. Kramer, and J. S. Ault. 2001.  Comparative approaches to coral reef monitoring and assessment: an overview.  Bulletin of Marine Science 69(2):35-38.

Claro, R., K. C. Lindeman, and L. R. Parenti. (Eds.) 2001.  Ecology of the Marine Fishes of Cuba. Smithsonian Institution Press. 257 pp.

Claro, R. , J. A. Baisre, K. C. Lindeman, and J. P. García-Arteaga. 2001. Cuban fisheries: historical trends and current status. In Claro, R., K. C. Lindeman, and L. R. Parenti (eds.) Ecology of the Marine Fishes of Cuba. Smithsonian Institution Press.

Recksieck, C. W., B. R. Murphy, R. S. Appeldoorn, and K. C. Lindeman. 2001. Integrating fish fauna and habitat assessments: a fundamental step in developing fishery reserve design criteria. Proc. Gulf & Caribbean Fisheries Inst. 52:654-666.

Lindeman, K. C., R. Pugliese, G. T. Waugh, and J. S. Ault. 2000. Developmental patterns within a multispecies reef fishery: management applications for essential fish habitats and protected areas. Bulletin of Marine Science 66(3):929-956.

Lindeman, K. C. and D. B. Snyder. 1999. Nearshore hardbottom fishes of southeast Florida and effects of habitat burial caused by dredging. Fishery Bulletin 97:508-525.

Claro, R. and J. P. Garcia-Arteaga (G. Bustamante and K. Lindeman, translators). 1999. Perspectives on an artificial habitat program for fishes of the Cuban shelf. Florida Sea Grant Program SGEB-49. 38 pp.

Lindeman, K. C., G. A. Diaz, J. E. Serafy and J. S. Ault. 1998. A spatial framework for assessing cross-shelf habitat use among newly settled grunts and snappers. Proc. Gulf & Caribbean Fisheries Institute 50:385-416.

Ault, J. S., K. C. Lindeman and D. Clarke. 1998. FISHFATE: population dynamics models to assess risks of hydraulic entrainment by dredges. Tech. Note DOER-E4, U. S. Army Engineer Research & Development Center, Vicksburg, MS. 22 pp.

Lindeman, K. C. 1997. Comparative management of beach systems of Florida and the Antilles: applications using ecological assessment and decision support procedures. pp. 134-164. In G. Cambers, ed. Managing Beach Resources in the Smaller Caribbean Islands. UNESCO Coastal Region and Small Island Papers # 1.

Serafy, J. E., K. C. Lindeman, T. E. Hopkins, and J. S. Ault. 1997. Effects of freshwater canal discharges on subtropical marine fish assemblages: field and laboratory observations. Marine Ecology Progress Series 160:161-172.

Lindeman, K. C. 1996. Review of Ecologia de los Peces Marinos de Cuba. R. Claro, ed. Bulletin of Marine Science 58(3):568-570.

Lindeman, K. C. 1996. Ichthyofauna of a nearshore barrier island breakwater, Palm Beach, Florida. 32 pp. In R. G. Dean and R. Chen, eds. Performance of the midtown Palm Bch. prefabricated erosion prevention reef installation: July 1992-June 1995. Univ. Fl. Coastal & Ocean Engineer. Dept., UFL-COEL-96/006.

Richards, W.J., K.C. Lindeman, J. L.-Schultz, J.M. Leis, A. Röpke, M.E. Clarke, and B. H. Comyns. 1994. Guide to the identification of the early life stages of lutjanid fishes (snappers) of the western Atlantic. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-SEFSC 345:49 pp.

Lindeman, K. C. 1989. Review of Blueprint for the Environment: A Plan for Federal Action. T. Comp, ed. Sea Frontiers 6:380-381.

Richards, W. J. and K. C. Lindeman. 1987. Recruitment dynamics of reef fishes; planktonic processes, settlement and demersal ecologies, and fishery analysis. Bulletin of Marine Science 41(2):392-410.

Lindeman, K. C.  1986.  Development of larvae of the French grunt, Haemulon flavolineatum, and comparative development of twelve western Atlantic species of Haemulon. Bulletin of Marine Science 39(3):673-716.

Appeldoorn, R. S. and K. C. Lindeman. 1985. Multispecies assessments in coral reef fisheries using higher taxonomic categories as unit stocks, with an analysis of an artisanal haemulid fishery. Proc. Fifth Internat. Coral Reef Congress 5:507-514.


1998 Cross-shelf Spatial Framework 731K
1999 Nearshore reefs and dredging 1.7M
2000 SAFMC S-G Spp Complex 970K
2003 Caribbean Marine Reserves 606K
2003 Cuban Coastal Tourism 1.1M
2004 Mangroves and Reef Fishes 443K
2005 Cubera Cross-shelf 169K
2007 Lutjanus in Brazil 1.3M
2008 Global spawning baseline.pdf 185K
2009 Cuban reef fisheries 60-05.pdf 1.6M
2008 Haemulon phylogeny.pdf 393K
2009 Nearshore Hardbottom E Fl.pdf 6.7M